WHAT IS A COOKIE?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored on your browser when you visit almost any website. Cookies help the website remember your visit when you browse that page again. Although many people are unaware of this, cookies have been in use for 20 years, since the first web browsers appeared on the World Wide Web.
WHAT IS NOT A COOKIE?
It’s not a virus, or a Trojan, or a worm, or spam, or spyware, and it doesn’t open pop-up windows.
WHAT INFORMATION DOES A COOKIE STORE?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank data, photos, your ID number or personal information, etc. The data they save are of a technical nature, personal preferences, content personalization, etc.
The web server does not associate it to you as a person but to your web browser. In fact, if you normally browse with Internet Explorer and try browsing the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person, because in fact it is associating it with the browser, not the person.
WHAT TYPES OF COOKIES EXIST?
- Technical cookies: These are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know whether a human or a bot are browsing, whether an anonymous or a registered user is browsing, and basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic website.
- Analytics cookies: These gather information about the type of browsing, sections more visited, products looked up, time of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: These show ads based on your browsing, your country of origin, your language, etc.
WHAT ARE FIRST-PARTY AND THIRD-PARTY COOKIES?
First-party cookies are those generated by the website you are visiting and third-party cookies are those generated by external services or providers, like Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
WHAT HAPPENS IF I DISABLE COOKIES?
So you can understand the effect that disabling cookies may have, below are some examples:
- You won’t be able to share contents from that website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website won’t be able to adapt its contents to your personal preferences, like online stores do.
- You won’t be able to access your personal area of the website, like for instance, My account, or My profile or My orders.
- Online stores: It will be impossible to shop in online stores, having to call by phone or physically visit the store instead, if it is available.
- You won’t be able to personalize your geographical preferences, such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website won’t be able to make web analysis on web visitors and traffic, which will make the web less competitive.
- You won’t be able to write on the blog, upload photos, publish comments, value or score content. The web won’t know whether you are a human or a bot that publishes spam.
- It will not be possible to show targeted ads, which will reduce website advertising revenues.
CAN COOKIES BE DELETED?
Yes. Not just deleted, but also blocked, generally or particularly, for a specific domain.
To delete cookies from a website, you must go to your browser’s settings, where you will find the cookies associated with the domain in question and delete them.
COOKIES CONFIGURATION FOR THE MOST POPULAR BROWSERS
Next, we will show you how to access a specific cookie in the Chrome web browser. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to Configuration or Preferences via the File menu or click on the customization icon in the upper right.
- You will see different sections, click the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content configuration.
- Select All the cookies and sites data.
- There will be a list of all the cookies ordered by domain. In order for it to be easier to find cookies from a specific domain, type a part or the entire address in the Search cookies field.
- After using this filter, one or more lines will be displayed with the cookies from the requested website. Now you just have to select it and tap the X to remove it.
To access the configuration of the cookies in the Internet Explorer browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options.
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy desired.
Para acceder a la configuración de cookies del navegador Firefox siga estos pasos (pueden variar en función de la versión del navegador):
- Vaya a Opciones o Preferencias según su sistema operativo.
- Haga click en Privacidad.
- En Historial elija Usar una configuración personalizada para el historial.
- Ahora verá la opción Aceptar cookies, puede activarla o desactivarla según sus preferencias.
To access the configuration of the cookies in the Firefox browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences depending on your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
In History choose Use custom configuration.
Now you will see the option Accept cookies, you can enable or disable it depending on your preferences.
To access the configuration of the cookies in the Safari for OSX browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the option Block cookies to adjust the type of block that you wish to do.
To access the configuration of the cookies in the browser for Android devices, follow these steps (may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Run your browser and press the Menu key, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies to enable or disable the box.
To access the configuration of the cookies in the browser for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Run Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration.
- Now you can enable or disable the Allow cookies box.